Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2021)                   JHSW 2021, 11(1): 10-19 | Back to browse issues page

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Yaghoti H, Tol A, Sadeghi R, Mazloumi A, Rahimi Foroushani A, Ghaderi A. Assessing Predictive Factors of Awareness in Personal Protective Equipment Use (PPEs) among Workers Employed at Iran Aluminium Company (IRALCO): Application of Social Cognitive Theory. JHSW. 2021; 11 (1) :10-19
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6450-en.html
1- School of Public health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public health, Tehran University of medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Occupational Health Expert, Industrial Health Unit, Iran Aluminium Company (IRALCO), Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (235 Views)
Introduction: Designing behavioral modification interventions for the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) warrants the audiences identification and analysis. This study aimed to determine the predictive factors for using (PPE) based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) constructs among workers of Iran Aluminum Factory, 2018.
Material and Methods: In this descriptive analytical study with cross-sectional method, a researcher-made questionnaire including demographic information, knowledge questionnaire and designed items based on the SCT construct, was fulfilled by 188 workers employed in production line of Iran Aluminum Factory in Arak. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and logistic regression analysis on SPSS 24. The significance level was set at P< 0.05.
Results: Among the participants, 46.8% (n=88) and 52.2% (n=100) of workers had moderate and high level of knowledge, respectively. Demographic variables such as marital status, educational level, income, age, work experience and employment status (p <0.05), as well as all SCT constructs (p <0.05) had a significant relationship with knowledge. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the level of education and employment status with probability of 80.6% and self-control, environment and self-efficacy of perceived barriers constructs, with a 64% probability could explained workers in high-knowledge group.
Conclusion: The present study revealed that the variables such as level of education, employment status, self-control, environment and self-efficacy of perceived barriers could be effective in designing educational interventions to improve workers’ knowledge on using personal protective equipment.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/02/27 | Accepted: 2021/03/21 | Published: 2021/03/21

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