Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2016)                   J Health Saf Work 2016, 6(2): 43-56 | Back to browse issues page

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Jamshidi Rastani M, Ghorbani Shahna F, Bahrami A, Hosseini S. Evaluation of local exhaust ventilation system performance for control of Fe2O3 dust at an iron making unit. J Health Saf Work 2016; 6 (2) :43-56
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5417-en.html
1- Ph.D. Student of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor of Occupational Health, Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran , fghorbani@umsha.ac.ir
3- Professor of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran
4- B.Sc. of Occupational Health, Health Network of Azima, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences Shahroud, Iran
Abstract:   (8741 Views)

Introduction: Adherence to the design values and ventilation standards (VS) after installing and also maintaining continuous work of ventilation system with maximum performance throughout its life are amongst the reasons of ventilation systems monitoring. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate performance of local exhaust ventilation system for control of dust by measuring the operating parameters and also to compare it with ventilation standards (VS) and design values.

Material and Method: The present research is a descriptive and cross-sectional study, conducted in three sections of measuring, monitoring and evaluating the operating parameters on hoods, channels and fan of ventilation system based on the current status of the system, documentation (design), and recommended standards (VS). Static pressure, velocity pressure, surface area, and flow rate were measured based on the recommendations of various sources and ACGIH industrial ventilation manual, and the data were compared with the design and recommended values, using the SPSS software version 16.  

Result: The results of paired sample t-test between flow rate and velocities of design and current status, showed significant differences in various parts. Accordingly, the results revealed a reduction of more than 50% in the design duct velocity compared to the current duct velocity, while design duct velocity is 1.3 more than the standard duct velocity of current status, and current duct velocity is about 65% of standard duct velocity.

Conclusion: The reduction and nonconformity of the results of measurements of operating parameters (after a minimum of two decades) with design and standard values are corroborant and sufficient reason for obstructions, abrasions, leaks, imbalance of system ducts and their inefficiency in some branches. Since there is no base line measurements for system (supposing that the system worked with maximum amounts of setup time), one of the reasons for these changes can be attributed to lack of schedule for regular and appropriate maintenance.

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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2016/06/18 | Accepted: 2016/06/18 | Published: 2016/06/18

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