Volume 8, Issue 1 (4-2018)                   JHSW 2018, 8(1): 81-92 | Back to browse issues page

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Heidari H, Rahimifard H, Mohammadbeigi A, Golbabaei F, Sahranavard R, Shokri Z. Validation of air enthalpy in evaluation of heat stress using wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and body core temperature: A case study in a hot and dry climate . JHSW. 2018; 8 (1) :81-92
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5809-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2- Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
4- Professor, Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , fgolbabaei@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (14856 Views)

Introduction: Considering the necessity of evaluating novel thermal indices for different individual and environmental conditions, the aim of this study was validation of a new enthalpy index for evaluation of heat stress in hot and dry climate.

Material and Method: In this descriptive analytical 97 city services outdoor workers were randomly selected and evaluated in spring and summer seasons in Qom city, Iran. Correlation between new enthalpy index and standard WBGT index, as well as physiological response of deep body temperature was studied and analyzed.

Result: Findings showed that regardless of the time of measurements, correlation between enthalpy and WBGT index was better than its correlation with tympanic temperature (R2= 0.756 versus R2= 0.391). Considering the time of measurement, it was found that with increasing temperature and decreasing humidity, the correlation between indices was reduced, although the correlation ratio was maintained similar.

Conclusion: Due to the simplicity of the enthalpy index measurement ,its independency to measure the globe temperature and the possibility of estimation of this index using daily climate parameters in meteorological stations, and on the other hand, appropriate validity of enthalpy against WBGT and core temperature, it can be a good alternative for WBGT index and as a screening index for thermal environments in hot and dry condition.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/03/10 | Accepted: 2018/03/10 | Published: 2018/03/10

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