Volume 13, Issue 1 (3-2023)                   J Health Saf Work 2023, 13(1): 29-43 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , esmaeelm@sina.tums.ac.ir
3- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Educational Planning Management, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (490 Views)
Introduction: Wood-Wool Cement Panels (WWCPs) are environmentally friendly sound absorbers also used as heat, energy, and moisture insulators. WWCPs have suitable mechanical properties due to using Portland cement and wood strands as raw materials. In this study, the acoustic performance of WWCP absorbents will be investigated.
Material and Methods: The mixed raw materials were molded under pressure through a hydraulic press to fabricate the WWCP samples. Samples were demolded after 24 hours. Samples were created with two thicknesses of 2 and 4 cm and three bulk densities of 400, 500, and 600 kg/m3 to examine the impact of thickness and bulk density on the acoustic absorption coefficient. The sound absorption coefficients were determined as a function of frequency for two frequency ranges: low (63-500 Hz) and high (630-6300 Hz).
Results: In the low-frequency range, increasing the thickness from 2 to 4 cm increased the absorption coefficient at 500 Hz by 0.16 and 0.23 for densities of 400 and 500 kg/m3, respectively. Increasing the thickness added an absorption peak and increased the value of these absorption peaks to 0.9 in the high-frequency range. When the bulk density of the 4-cm-thick samples increased from 400 to 600 kg/m3, the low-frequency absorption peak increased by 0.33. In the high-frequency range, the same density change increased the absorption peak by 0.26 for the 2-cm-thick sample.
Conclusion: Increasing the thickness of WWCP improves both its high- and low-frequency acoustic absorption coefficients. In addition, increasing the bulk density to approximately 500 kg/m3 boosts the sound absorption efficiency in both frequency ranges.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2023/03/13 | Accepted: 2023/03/30 | Published: 2023/03/30

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