Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2021)                   J Health Saf Work 2021, 11(4): 645-660 | Back to browse issues page

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Rafiei S, Kalhor R, Shahsavari S, Souri S. Investigating the Relationship between Nurses’ Personality Traits and their Safety Behaviors in Qazvin Hospitals: The Mediating Role of Safety Motivation. J Health Saf Work. 2021; 11 (4) :645-660
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6579-en.html
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
3- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Student Research Committee, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran , sabersouri@gmail.com
Abstract:   (532 Views)
Introduction: Recognizing the personality traits of employees and examining the role of these traits in motivating people’s safety can greatly lead to the formation of safe behavior of employees. Considering the significant importance of reducing adverse events and developing safe behaviors, the present study aimed to investigate the role of nurses’ personality traits in their safety behaviors with the mediating role of safety motivation during 2019-2020. 
Material and Methods: This is a descriptive-analytical study conducted among nurses working in educational hospitals affiliated by Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, from which 435 individuals were selected by multi-stage proportional sampling method. Data were collected using McCray and Costa Five-Factor Personality Questionnaire, Saleh Motivation Questionnaire (2010) and Safe Behavior Questionnaire (2016) and analyzed by SPSS software version 26 and AMOS software version 23.
Results: The path coefficients between nurses’ personality traits and their safety motivation (0.557) and safety motivation with safe behavior of individuals (0.267) were statistically significant (p<0.05). Furthermore the path coefficient between nurses’ personality traits and safe behavior (0.573) was statistically significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Results affirmed that safety motivation in nurses had a significant effect on their safety behavior. Therefore, it is recommended to improve safety motivation through establishing an incentive systems to appreciate the employees who had an appropriate and safe behavior in the workplace. 
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2021/12/24 | Accepted: 2021/12/31 | Published: 2021/12/31

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