Volume 9, Issue 2 (6-2019)                   J Health Saf Work 2019, 9(2): 157-167 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghashghaei R, Sabzghabaei G R, Dashti S, Jafari Azar S, Salehipour F. Modeling and prediction of environmental consequences of methanol as the most dangerous goods in ports (Case Study: Bandar Imam Khomeini). J Health Saf Work 2019; 9 (2) :157-167
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6080-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Management, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Environment, Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology, Behbahan, Iran
3- Department of Environment, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran , soolmazdashti@iauahvaz.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3620 Views)
Introduction: The accidents involving the transport of hazardous goods in ports have always been one of the human and environmental threats. The purpose of this research is to study the consequences of incidents involving dangerous goods by modeling and prediction of catastrophic consequences of these goods using the Software valid of management, so in addition to the affected area of the various outcomes of these goods, To provide the necessary management measures to reduce human and environmental toll on keeping dangerous goods in ports and warehouses to be paid.  
Material and Methods: The study performed from PHAST and ALOHA software in the container terminal in the region of Bandar Imam Khomeini and, to verify the consequences of styrene of toxicity of dangerous goods, was used.
Results: According to the results of this study, the extent of pollution coverage (the forbidden region) at least a radius of 79 meters and the best place for placement the Support groups are a radius of 106 meters, around the area dangerous goods. Finally, to offer management practices to avoid or reduce the consequences of possible sites and warehouses storing goods in the study area was dangerous.
Conclusion: In this study, methanol reservoir was introduced as the main focus of risk; therefore, the implementation of safety rules, eliminating mechanical failures, personal protection and education, and effective measures to prevent and fight fire are proposed for decreasing the probable losses and fatalities are necessary. As well as measures such as drainage design and appropriate land cover of hazardous goods and predictions for emergency evacuation with regard to atmospheric conditions (speed and wind direction) were recommended.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2019/05/30 | Accepted: 2019/05/30 | Published: 2019/05/30

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