Volume 3, Issue 2 (8-2013)                   JHSW 2013, 3(2): 13-26 | Back to browse issues page

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Neissi A, Hashemi Sheykhshaba E, Rahimi Pordanjani T, Arshadi N, Beshlideh K. Investigating personal, cognitive and organizational variables as predictors of unsafe behaviors among line workers in an industrial company . JHSW. 2013; 3 (2) :13-26
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5061-en.html
1- Psychology, Department of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Psychology, Department of Psychology, Bojnourd University, Bojnourd, Iran , tayebe.rahimi@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor
Abstract:   (10801 Views)

Introduction: previous studies have shown approximately 90% of accidents in the workplace are due to unsafe behavior and human errors. Identifying predictors of unsafe behaviors would be unsafe in accidents prevention. The purpose of this study was to investigate personality characteristics, cognitive and organizational variables of line workers in an industrial company in bojnurd.


Material and Method: The sample, in the main stage, consisted of 300 employees and in the validation stage 100 They were selected thought stratified random sampling. Firstly, participants were divided into two groups (safe and unsafe) using safety behavior scale. Next, each group was evaluated using the five-factor personality questionnaire, safety efficiency questionnaire, regulatory focus at work, safety climate, safety motivation and safety competency scales and also perceived work pressure questionnaire. In order to analyze the data, the discriminate analysis, the confirmatory factor analysis and the Pearson’s correlation coefficient were applied.


Result: According to the result of the present study, unsafe behaviors of employees can be predicted by neuroticism, extroversion, agreeableness, consciousness, safety efficiency, regulatory focus and its dimensions, safety climate and its dimensions, safety motivation, safety competency and role overload variables.


Conclusion: The results of this study showed the importance of safety competency, prevention focus, safety rules and procedures, safety efficiency and consciousness as predictors of unsafe work behaviors. Therefore, it is recommended to rely on these variables in the safety training courses and also in selecting people for high risk environments.

Full-Text [PDF 693 kb]   (3190 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/12/10 | Accepted: 2013/12/10 | Published: 2013/12/10

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