Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2018)                   JHSW 2018, 8(3): 251-264 | Back to browse issues page

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Pourhassan B, Golbabaei F, Pourmand M R, Farhang Dehghan S, Masoorian E. Examining performance of the conventional and photocatalytic HEPA filters on removal of the airborne microorganisms. JHSW. 2018; 8 (3) :251-264
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5906-en.html
1- M.Sc., Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , fgolbabaei@sina.tums.ac.ir
3- Professor, Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
5- M.Sc., Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (474 Views)

Introduction: Indoor air environments contain a wide variety of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses in which some of them can affect the human health. Filtration is considered as one of the most common methods to remove microorganisms in these environments. The purpose of current study was to investigation the neat and photocatalytic HEPA filters performance at different face velocities and various intensity of UVC light source on the reduction of airborne microorganisms.

Material and Method: After installation of the neat and photocatalytic HEPA filters in a closed–loop chamber, suspension of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis bacteria with a concentration of 107 CFU / ml were sprayed into the closed–loop chamber by nebulizer. Sampling of penetrated microorganisms from filters were performed using the NIOSH 0800 method under ambient temperature 22±3oC, relative humidity 35±5%, and different air velocity (0.1 m/s and 0.3 m/s) and UVC different radiation intensity (1 mW/cm2, 1.8 mW/cm2 and no radiation (dark)) at 30 minutes time period. penetrated microorganisms density from filters was determined in term of CFU/m3.

Result: There were no significant differences in the penetration rates of microorganisms at the dark mode between the two neat and photocatalytic HEPA filters (p>0.05). The penetration rate of bacteria was significantly decreased in the neat and photocatalytic HEPA filters at UVC radiation mode with various intensities than dark mode (p<0.05). In addition, comparison of the filters in the illuminance modes of 1 mW/cm2 and 1.8 mW/cm2 were statistically significant (P <0.05). Also, UVC radiation with the 1.8mW/cm2 illuminance compared to the 1 mW/cm2 illuminance resulted in a greater reduction in the bacterial penetration from both types of filters, which is statistically significant(p<0.05). The bacteria penetration rate dramatically increased by increasing the face velocity from 0.1 m/s to 0.3 m/s under UVC radiation at an illuminance of 1mW/cm2, 1.8mW/cm2 and as well as in no radiation mode in both types of HEPA filters (P <0.05).

Conclusion: Photocatalytic HEPA filters and increasing UVC illuminance, especially at lower surface velocities, have a significant positive effect on reducing airborne microorganisms and increasing the efficiency of HEPA filters

Full-Text [PDF 721 kb]   (129 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/09/26 | Accepted: 2018/09/26 | Published: 2018/09/26

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