Volume 7, Number 3 (9-2017)                   JHSW 2017, 7(3): 233-244 | Back to browse issues page


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Mohebian Z, Dehghan H, Habibi E. Studying the effect of heat stress on attention and reaction time in a laboratory setting. JHSW. 2017; 7 (3) :233-244
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5711-en.html

1- M.Sc., Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran , ha_dehghan@hlth.mui.ac.ir
3- Professor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (237 Views)

Introduction: Heat stress is one of the Hazardous physical agents in the workplace, which can cause impairment of cognitive performance. The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of different levels of heat stress on attention and reaction time in a laboratory condition.

Material and Method: This experimental study was done among 33 students included 17 males and 16 females. Mean age of the participants was 22.1(SD=2.3). Attention and reaction time parameters were evaluated using the continuous performance test and  reaction time measurement device respectivlely, after exposure to different heat levels (22°C and 37°C). Data were analyzed using ANOVA test and SPSS 20 software.  

Result: The results of tests attention and reaction time showed that the average of attention percentage was decreased and the average of reaction time increased by increasing the heat level, with a  statistical differences of  (P˂0.001) in both cases. Attention percent in terms of exposure to 22°C temperature was significantly higher than 37°C (P˂0.001). But, reaction time was significantly higher than with the exposure to 37°C temperature than 22°C (P˂0.001).

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that, heat by increasing reaction time and decreasing attention leading to an impairment  in the individual’s cognitive performances. Therefore, in jobs such as control rooms and various industries that need attention, concentration and quick reaction, it is necessary to consider and optimize the heat conditions in order to increase the level of attention and decrease of reaction time.

Full-Text [PDF 167 kb]   (93 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/20 | Accepted: 2017/09/20 | Published: 2017/09/20

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