Volume 7, Issue 3 (9-2017)                   JHSW 2017, 7(3): 203-218 | Back to browse issues page


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Moshashaei P, Nazari J, Alizadeh S S. Surveying health and safety conditions of street sweepers in Tabriz city, Iran (case study). JHSW. 2017; 7 (3) :203-218
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5709-en.html

1- B.Sc. of Occupational Health Engineering, Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , ss.alizadeh2013@gmail.com
Abstract:   (770 Views)

Introduction: Population growth and urban fast development caused increase production of all kinds of solid waste. And, street sweepers are exposed to a variety of risks and toxins by nature of their job for actual and potential. The aim of this study was to identify and to assess the risk factors of accidents and diseases threatening the health and lives of street sweepers in Tabriz city, Iran, and to propose practical solutions to control and remove them in order to promote health and safety and better efficiency.

Material and Method: This study is a descriptive-analytical type, which was conducted over a period of three months in 1393 among 150 street sweepers working in five city areas (areas 2, 5, 6, 7 and 9) of Tabriz. Data was collected through customized questionnaire. Content validity of the questionnaire was performed in the form of quality using a panel of experts and reliability through Cronbach’s alpha. Data after collecting were analyzed by SPSS-16software.

Result: The results showed that 48/7% of people have experienced at least one incident in the past two years. Records of disease showed that back pain with 20/7% and then skin problems whit 7/10% whit highest prevalence and kidney/bladder disease and thyroid whit 0/7% had lowest incidence. Musculoskeletal disorders symptoms percent have, respectively, in the hands, waist, legs highest and in elbow and knee least amount. Research findings showed that 50/70% of the study population, with a mean score of 168/82 have poor health and safety conditions, 21/71% of people have moderate condition and 81/26% of people have unfavorable condition. Among the components of health and safety respectively, components of clothes and other personal protective equipment and psychological problems with a high percentage of 80 percent, one of the most undesirable components of safety and health and components of periodic medical examinations and safety and health training programs were desirable.

Conclusion: The results showed that more than half of street sweepers (70/50%) had undesirable health and safety condition. Shortages or lack of use of personal protective equipment and psychological problems among these workers was evident more than other issues and need for substantial measures in this regard

Full-Text [PDF 985 kb]   (465 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/20 | Accepted: 2017/09/20 | Published: 2017/09/20

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