Volume 4, Number 4 (1-2015)                   JHSW 2015, 4(4): 9-20 | Back to browse issues page


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Hajizadeh R, Golbabaie F, Monazam Esmaielpour M R, beheshti M H, Mehri A, Hosseini M et al . Assessing the heat stress of brick-manufacturing units’ workers based on WBGT index in Qom city. JHSW. 2015; 4 (4) :9-20
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5209-en.html

1- 1MSc. of Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor of Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Professor of Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Professor of Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , fgolbabaei@sina.tums.ac.ir
3- Associate Professor of Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Educator of Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- 5Professor of Biostatics, Department of Biostatics, Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6- Msc. of Industrial Safety, Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Shahed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5122 Views)

Introduction: Heat stress is considered as a serious risk factor to the health and safety of workers in most working environments, especially in outdoor works and jobs that workers are exposed to heat due to the working process. This study aimed to evaluate heat stress among workers of brick-manufacturing units in Qom city based on WBGT index as well as the relationship between WBGT and physiological indicators.
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Material and Method: The present study was conducted in 40 brick-manufacturing units in Qom city. WBGT measurements were performed according to ISO7243 standard. Physiological responses of 184 workers (up to 5 people per unit) and also atmospheric parameters were measured. The physiological responses included oral temperature, skin temperature, and temperature for the carotid artery of the ear, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software version 16.
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Result: Mean WBGT index for various brick-manufacturing jobs including firing, manual material handling, working with conveyors, molding, and tempering were 30.8 °C, 26.74 °C 26.58 °C and 24.25 °C, respectively and the average WBGT was estimated 27.98 °C. WBGT levels measured in all units exceeded the level provided in ISO7243 standard. The highest mean WBGT was belonged to kiln section (30.8 °C). The mean WBGT at three heights of head, abdomen and legs were not statistically different (using t-test). The correlation coefficients between mean WBGT and mean oral, skin and ears temperatures were 0.203, 0.319, and 0.490, respectively, with the highest correlation belonged to the carotid arteries of ears. Moreover, WBGT showed no significant association with the mean heart rate, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure (P-value>0.05). Indoor and outdoor WBGT index was significantly different (P-value<0.05).

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Conclusion: The level of heat stress in all brick-manufacturing units was higher than the recommended limits, and the workers in kiln unit were more exposed to heat stress, in comparison with other units. Therefore, special countermeasures should be adopted to control heat stress for this occupational group.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/12/30 | Accepted: 2014/12/30 | Published: 2014/12/30

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