Volume 4, Number 1 (5-2014)                   JHSW 2014, 4(1): 41-54 | Back to browse issues page


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Naserpour M, Jafari M J, Monazzam M R, Pouragha shahneshin H R, Saremi M, Jam bar sang S. A study of students cognitive performance under noise exposure, using Continuous Performance Test “Study on the effects of noise on cognitive performances”. JHSW. 2014; 4 (1) :41-54
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5121-en.html

1- MSc Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran
2- Associate professor Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti , Jafari1952@yahoo.com
3- Associate professor Associate Professor Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
4- MSc Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran
5- Assistant professor Department of Ergonomics, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science
6- MSc Department of Biostatistics, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science
Abstract:   (5578 Views)

Introduction: In the most industrial environment, workers are exposed to noise everyday. Exposure to this physical hazardous agent can cause immediate as well as delayed adverse effects. Cognitive performance decrement is one of the adverse effects of noise exposure which its main consequences is occupational accidents. This study attempted examine the effect of exposure to different levels of noise with harmonic indices of neutral, treble and bass on the cognitive performance.

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Material and Method: In this analytical-descriptive study, the cognitive tests were performed by 33 students, aged 23-35 years. During the tests, participants were exposed to three type of noise including neutral, treble and bass at 4 different levels of 45, 75, 85 and 95 decibels. In order to assess students cognitive performance, continuous performance test (CTP) software was employed, which investigated attrition and reaction time.

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Result: The results of this study revealed that exposure to neutral noises with Noise Harmonic Index (NHI) of +3dB at the frequency of 1000 Hz, the maximum percentage of attention (99.88 %) was belonged to Sound Pressure Level (SPL) of 95 decibels. Maximum percentage of attention due to exposure to the treble noise with NIH -105 dB at the noise frequency of 8000 Hz (100%) and bass noise with NIH of 407 dB at the frequency of 500 Hz (99.92%) were belonged to the SPL of 95 and 85 dBA, respectively. Moreover, the result showed that the effect of bass noise with NIH of 4.5 dB and frequency of 500 Hz on reduction of attention were more than treble noise with NIH of -105 dB and frequency of 8000 Hz. Under exposure to neutral noise with NIH of 3 dB and frequency of 1000 Hz, the longest reaction time (2.594 Second) was observed at the SPL of 85 dBA. The longest reaction time for treble noise with NIH of -105 dB and frequency of 8000 Hz (2.786 Second) and for the bass noises with NIH of 4.5 dB and frequency of 500 Hz (2.594 Second) were also belonged to the SPL of 85 and 75 dBA, respectively.

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Conclusion: The results showed that bass noises (frequency of 500 Hz) increased reaction time, in comparison with treble noises (frequency of 8000 Hz).

Full-Text [PDF 915 kb]   (1976 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/04/29 | Accepted: 2014/04/29 | Published: 2014/04/29

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