Volume 2, Number 4 (2-2013)                   JHSW 2013, 2(4): 41-50 | Back to browse issues page


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Room acoustic analysis of blower unit and noise control plan in the typical steel industry. JHSW. 2013; 2 (4) :41-50
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5031-en.html

Abstract:   (7200 Views)

Introduction: In the steel industry,air blowers used to supply compressed air are considered as sources of annoying noise. This study aims to acoustics analysis of theairblower workroomand sound source characteristics in order to present noise controlmeasuresinthe steel industry.

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Material and Method: Measurement of noiselevel and its frequency analysis was performed usingsound levelmetermodelof CASELLA-Cell.450. Distribution of noise level in the investigated workroom in form of noise map was provided using Surfer software. In addition, acoustic analysis of workroom and control room was performed in view point of soundabsorption andinsulation. Redesignofdoor and window of controlroom and installation of soundabsorbing materialson theceiling of the workroom were proposed and the efficiency of these interventionswasestimated.

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Result: The totalsound pressurelevelin the blower workroom was 95.4 dB(L) and the dominant frequency was 2000Hz. Sound pressure level inside the room control was 80.1dB(A). The average absorption coefficient and reverberation time in the blower workroom was estimated equal to 0.082 Sab.m2 and 3.9 seconds respectively. These value in control room was 0.04 Sab.m2 and 3/4 seconds respectively. In control room, sound transmission loss between the two parts of the wall dividing was 13.7 dB(A). The average of noise dose in blower operators was 230%. With the installation of sound absorber on ceiling of workroom, average of absorption coefficient can increase to 0.33 Sab.m2 and sound transmission loss of the new designed door and window was estimated equal to 20dB.

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Conclusion: The main cause of noise leakage in the control room was insufficient insulation properties of door and windows. By replacing the door and window and installation of sound absorbing on ceiling of workroom, the noise dose can reduce to 49.6%. New Improved door and window of control room can reduce noise dose to 69.65% solely.

Full-Text [PDF 374 kb]   (2083 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/09/22 | Accepted: 2013/11/7 | Published: 2013/11/7

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