Volume 1, Number 1 (10 2012)                   JHSW 2012, 1(1): 39-46 | Back to browse issues page


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Determination of susceptibility to heat-related disorders and prevention methods among agriculture workers. JHSW. 2012; 1 (1) :39-46
URL: http://jhsw.tums.ac.ir/article-1-30-en.html

Abstract:   (6072 Views)

Introduction: Workers employed in outdoor occupations such as farm working, especially during rice harvest, are exposed to hot and humid environments that put them at risk for different kinds of heat-related disorders or heat stress. The aim of this study was to determine the susceptibility to heat-related disorders and prevention methods among a group of agriculture workers in one of the northern cities in Iran.

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Method and Materials: This study is a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study which was done among 340 agricultures workers in a city (Sorkhrood) in Mazandaran province. The samples were collected from 42 villages using two stage cluster-randomized sampling method. The data were collected by means of tailor-made data collection sheet and analyzed using descriptive statistical indexes and Chi- square test, and p<0.05 was considered as significant.

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Results: The findings indicated that the mean values of age and years of experience were 42.8 and 26 years, respectively. Almost half of the agriculture workers were overweight or obese, 34% illiterate, and 15% encountered chronic illnesses. Ninety five percent of the workers were not informed about prehydration in hot environment and none of them know about the consumption of electrolytes. According to Chi-square test result, there were no significant differences between the prevalence of headache as one of the early signs of heat –related disorders and other related factors.

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Conclusion: According to the results, agriculture workers based on their age distribution, education, body mass index, health knowledge, drug use and incidence of chronic diseases, are very vulnerable to heat-related disorders. Therefore, training on recognizing the early signs and doing control measures as essential element in heat stress prevention should be seriously considered.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Published: 2013/09/28

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